Types of Dog Training
Dog training is generally known as the application of behaviour analysis that employs the external circumstances of past antecedents and effects to change the dog’s behaviour either to help it take on certain tasks or undertake certain tasks, or simply for it to respond more effectively in modern domestic society. This means that the dog is taught how to behave in certain social situations as well as how to behave when left alone. This is done by making the dog understand the difference between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour. Training your dog can be easy if you use some simple methods.
There are basically two methods used for dog training, one using positive reinforcements and another using negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement methods use rewards and punishment, while the other uses no positive reinforcers but just associations with the undesirable behaviour. Both types of dog training have their own pros and cons.
Positive reinforcements are generally used to teach the dog new skills such as how to sit, stay or down. These reinforce behaviour by giving the dog something small after performing a desirable behaviour. These rewards can be a toy or food to ensure the dog gets the behaviour right the first time.
Clicker training is a new way to train dogs and is gaining more popularity than ever before due to its positive results. Clicker training is where the trainer places either a high pitched sound or a symbol on the pet’s collar and this triggers an associated pleasing response in the animal. Some people use a clicker with a voice instead of a symbol and some use both. Clicker training is often used to teach a dog to heel or walk properly.
Motivational training focuses on rewarding and praising the dog when it does good behavior. This is usually done through treats and high-pitched verbal encouragement. The owner can provide the correct incentive or distraction that encourages the good behaviour. This is also a good way of reinforcing the dog for other things like going out on a regular basis or taking a treat away. Rewards and encouragement will help reinforce the desired behavior and decrease unwanted behaviour.
Doggy time outs are a common punishment that some trainers apply to their dogs. They usually take place in the owner’s home or a separate room. The trainer will click or ring a bell and then remove all toys from the room so that the dog cannot touch them. The trainer may also use a reprimand or a verbal prompt to get the dog to follow its actions. This method can be effective if the dog is misbehaving in public but not if it is doing so in the company of friends or family members.
Reward systems such as clicker training relies on positive reinforcement. It should be understood however, that this is not a method of punishment but is more of a system of rewards and consequences. If the dog performs the deed correctly then the owner may click or ring the bell and give him a treat. It should be understood that there is no actual ‚punishment‘ but that good behavior is rewarded with a treat or something nicer.
Dog training methods used body language and treats to get a dog to do what is expected of it. These are used to teach dogs to sit, lie down, walk on a leash, sit on command, stay in one place, come to heel, and so much more. Positive reinforcement can be a great help in teaching your dog to obey. It is an effective training method for small dogs and large dogs alike.