Different Kinds of Dog Training
Dog training is the application of behaviour analysis that makes use of the dog’s environmental exposures and historical antecedents to modify the dog’s behaviour, either to help it take on certain tasks or undertake certain tasks, or for it to easily engage actively in modern domestic life. The emphasis in dog training is on the development of a physically fit, psychologically sound and socially tolerant dog. The social aspects of dog training have become more important with the increasing number of strays. These stray dogs constitute a considerable proportion of the dog population in many parts of the world.
Dog behavior training methods are numerous and vary depending upon the nature of the task at hand. Some dog training methods are based upon traditional training methods, while others are based upon more scientific approaches. Both these approaches utilize rewards and negative reinforcement for achieving desirable results. Positive reinforcement is most often used in dog training while the use of punishments is resorted to when a dog behaves badly. It is essential to remember that dog training is not merely a process of teaching the dog tricks but should include an understanding of its psychology.
In dog training, both positive and negative reinforcement are used, but the positive reinforcement is aimed at enhancing good behavior rather than punishing or discouraging a dog from exhibiting bad behavior. This is known as motivational training. A good example of a system of dog training using motivational techniques is the “Good Dog Training Manual”. This manual includes a variety of suggestions aimed at improving dog training through a holistic approach that takes into account both the physical as well as the psychological aspects of a dog’s personality.
Clicker training or dog training using the clicker or bell is another common approach used in the discipline. This type of dog training is based upon the positive reinforcing training method and was developed by behavioural scientists led by Dr. Arnold K. Zick, a world renowned trainer and researcher of animal behavior. The model-rival training system was later adopted by the American National Association of Law Enforcement in recognition of Zick’s work.
Clicker training uses a small bell or clicker which makes a ‘click’ noise when it is pressed. The trainer then gives positive reinforcement for each correct performance of the dog action and penalizes the dog for inappropriate or unwanted behavior. The dogs are then rewarded verbally or even with a treat. The main advantage of this form of dog training is that the trainer can use varying amounts of praise or rewards depending on the desired behavior of the dog.
Motivational dog trainers will usually keep a log of the dog’s accomplishments during each session. This is normally videotaped so that the owner can monitor the progress of the pet dog throughout the training session. Some pet dog trainers use graphs to chart the progress of the dog’s training so that both the dog trainer and the dog owner can see the improvements achieved through time. This is a great way to keep track of the training achievements of your pet dog.
Most pet dog trainers will use various types of treats as a reward for the dogs correct performance during dog training sessions. Some of the more common treats used by dog trainers are biscuits, chocolate coins, dry dog food and many others. The dogs learn from their trainers through association so they learn what is expected of them during each training session.
Dog trainers are faced with the challenge of unleashing the dogs natural abilities to learn new things. It takes a lot of patience and effort on the part of dog training trainers. Once the dogs have learned from their trainer what they are supposed to do during each training session the trainers have to continue to provide positive reinforcements. Only then will the dogs learn what is expected of them and they will only carry out the commands given to them. Only then will your dog be well trained and behaved.